The first legislative assembly in English North America convened in Jamestown, Va.
The U.S. city of Baltimore was founded.
The tenth modern Olympic Games opened in Los Angeles.
The USS Indianapolis was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine and sank within 15 minutes. It was one of the greatest naval losses of World War II, resulting in the deaths of nearly 900 men.
The phrase “In God We Trust” was adopted as the U.S. national motto.
President Lyndon Johnson signed the Medicare Bill into law.
Former Teamsters union president James Hoffa was reported missing. Many suspect he was murdered, though his remains have never been found.
The Republic of Vanuatu, formerly known as the New Hebrides, gained its independence from France and Britain.
Lisa Leslie became the first woman to dunk in a professional basketball game.
620 million people were without power in India, the worst power outage in world history.
1863–1947, American industrialist, pioneer automobile manufacturer, b. Dearborn, Mich.
baseball player and manager (1891)
Governor of California, actor (1947)