England’s King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr.
Protestant William of Orange defeated Roman Catholic James II at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.
Congress authorized the Medal of Honor.
The first Etch-A-Sketch went on sale.
Kiribati, formerly the Gilbert Islands, gained its independence from the United Kingdom.
Democratic presidential nominee Walter Mondale announced his choice of running-mate, Geraldine Ferraro; Ferraro is first woman to run for vice president on a major party ticket.
Henry David Thoreau
1817–62, American author and naturalist, born in Concord, Massachusetts, graduate of Harvard, 1837.
inventor, industrialist (1854)
poet, diplomat (1904)
figure skater (1971)
peace activist (1997)